Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://www.revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.4322/polimeros.2014.055
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Influence of the NiO nanoparticles on the ionic conductivity of the agar-based electrolyte

Audeh, Dalal Jaber S. A.; Alcázar, José Bernedo; Barbosa, Carlos Veiga; Carreño, Neftalí L. V.; Avellaneda, César Antonio O.; Pawlicka, Agnieszka; Raphael, Ellen

Downloads: 1
Views: 713

Abstract

NiO nanoparticles with an average size of 15 nm were prepared by a simple, reproducible and low-cost controlled method, using nickel nitrate hexahydrate (Ni(NO3)26H2O). These nanoparticles were added to an agar-based polymer electrolyte formula, resulting, after reflux and solution casting, in a proton conducting membrane. The highest ionic conductivity values of 5.19 ×10-5 S cm-1 at room temperature and 2.83 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 70 °C, were obtained for the sample with 50 wt. % of acetic acid and 0.25 g of NiO. Moreover, the samples showed 75 % of transparency in the visible region, a homogeneous surface and mainly amorphous structure. All the obtained results suggest that agar-based polymer electrolyte with NiO nanoparticles are promising candidates for electrochemical devices application.

Keywords

Polymer electrolyte, Ionic conductivity, Agar, NiO nanoparticles

References

1. Wang, W. M., Preparation and characterization of composite polymer electrolyte, in: International Meeting on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Materials Research 2012, Advanced Materials Research Shenyang China, 2012, pp. 17-21.

2. Christie, A. M.; Lilley, S. J.; Staunton, E.; Andreev, Y. G. & Bruce, P. G.; - Nature, 433, p.50 (2005).

3. Tarascon, J. M. & Armand, M.; - Nature, 414, p.359 (2001).

4. Armand, M.; - Solid State Ionics, 69, p.309 (1994).

5. Gray, F. M. - "Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Fundamentals and Technological Applications", VCH-Verlag-Ges., (1991).

6. Hashmi, S. A.; Latham, R. J.; Linford, R. G. & Schlindwein, W. S.; - Journal of the Chemical Society - Faraday Transactions, 93, p.4177 (1997).

7. Tatsumisago, M.; Shinkuma, Y. & Minami, T.; - Nature, 354, p.217 (1991).

8. Petty-Weeks, S. & Polak, A. J.; - Sensors and Actuators, 11, p.377 (1987).

9. Berthier, C.; Gorecki, W.; Minier, M.; Armand, M. B.; Chabagno, J. M. & Rigaud, P.; - Solid State Ionics, 11, p.91 (1983).

10. Machado, G. O.; Ferreira, H. C. A. & Pawlicka, A.; - Electrochim. Acta, 50, p.3827 (2005).

11. Mattos, R. I.; Tambelli, C. E.; Donoso, J. P. & Pawlicka, A.; - Electrochim. Acta, 53, p.1461 (2007).

12. Pawlicka, A.; Danczuk, M.; Wieczorek, W. & Zygadło-Monikowska, E.; - Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 112, p.8888 (2008).

13. Khiar, A. S. A.; Puteh, R. & Arof, A. K.; - Physica B: Condensed Matter, 373, p.23 (2006).

14. Fuentes, S.; Retuert, P. J. & González, G.; - Electrochimica Acta, 53, p.1417 (2007).

15. Vieira, D. F.; Avellaneda, C. O. & Pawlicka, A.; - Electrochim. Acta, 53, p.1404 (2007).

16. Avellaneda, C. O.; Vieira, D. F.; Al-Kahlout, A.; Leite, E. R.; Pawlicka, A. & Aegerter, M. A.; - Electrochimica Acta, 53, p.1648 (2007).

17. Koh, J. C. H.; Ahmad, Z. A. & Mohamad, A. A.; - Ionics, 18, p.359 (2012).

18. Raphael, E.; Avellaneda, C. O.; Manzolli, B. & Pawlicka, A.; - Electrochimica Acta, 55, p.1455 (2010).

19. Raphael, E.; Avellaneda, C. O.; Aegerter, M. A.; Silva, M. M. & Pawlicka, A.; - Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 554, p.264 (2012).

20. Dygas, J. R.; Misztal-Faraj, B.; Florjańczyk, Z.; Krok, F.; Marzantowicz, M. & Zygadło-Monikowska, E.; - Solid State Ionics, 157, p.249 (2003).

21. Kalita, M.; Sołgała, A.; Siekierski, M.; Pawłowska, M.; Rokicki, G. & Wieczorek, W.; - Journal of Power Sources, 173, p.765 (2007).

22. Florjanczyk, Z.; Zygadlo-Monikowska, E.; Wielgus-Barry, E.; Kuzwa, K. & Pasniewski, J.; - Electrochim. Acta, 48, p.2201 (2003).

23. Vieira, D. F.; Avellaneda, C. O. & Pawlicka, A.; - Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 485, p.843 (2008).

24. Pawlicka, A.; Danczuk, M.; Wieczorek, W. & Zygadlo-Monikowska, E.; - J. Phys. Chem. A, 112, p.8888 (2008).

25. Pawlicka, A.; Mattos, R. I.; Tambelli, C. E.; Silva, I. D. A.; Magon, C. J. & Donoso, J. P.; - J. Membrane Sci., 429, p.190 (2013).

26. Ciosek, M.; Sannier, L.; Siekierski, M.; Golodnitsky, D.; Peled, E.; Scrosati, B.; Glowinkowski, S. & Wieczorek, W.; - Electrochim. Acta, 53, p.1409 (2007).

27. Przyluski, J. & Wieczorek, W.; - Solid State Ionics, 36, p.165 (1989).

28. Hu, Y.; Qian, H.; Mei, T.; Guo, J. & White, T.; - Materials Letters, 64, p.1095 (2010).

29. Baskaram, R.; Selvasekarapandian, S.; Kuwata, N.; Kawamura, J. & Hattori, T.; - Mater. Chem. Phys., 98, p.155 (2004).

30. Macdonald, J. R. - "Impedance Spectroscopy", Wiley, New York (1987).

31. Jaipal Reddy, M.; Sreekanth, T. & Subba Rao, U. V.; - Solid State Ionics, 126, p.55 (1999).

32. Baskaran, R.; Selvasekarapandian, S.; Hirankumar, G. & Bhuvaneswari, M. S.; - Ionics, 10, p.129 (2004).

33. Subba Reddy, C. V.; Sharma, A. K. & Narasimha Rao, V. V. R.; - Journal of Power Sources, 114, p.338 (2003).

34. Raphael, E.; Avellaneda, C. O.; Manzolli, B. & Pawlicka, A.; - Electrochim. Acta, 55, p.1455 (2010).
588371a47f8c9d0a0c8b49c9 polimeros Articles
Links & Downloads

Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia

Share this page
Page Sections