Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

Thermal and flammability behavior of walnut shell reinforced epoxy composites

Menderes Koyunucu; Göksel Ulay

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In this study, walnut shell particles obtained through the grinding of walnut shells were used as a reinforcing material and pumice powder as a filler for developing epoxy-based composites characterized by reduced flammability. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Underwriters Laboratories (UL)-94 vertical tests were carried out for evaluating the effectiveness of these pumice powder treatments. Under the UL-94 vertical test, composites (S1, S2, S3, S4, S5 and S6) with 20% pumice powder (i.e., by mass content of walnut particles were not self-extinguished, and could not be classified. S7 and S8 composites (40wt% and 50%) assigned a V-2 rating, which was the least flammable composite However, the mechanical tensile tests showed that the pumice powder treated composites increased their tensile strength. The morphological analysis showed an enhancement of the interfacial adhesion of the composites achieved by pumice powder.




thermal properties, walnut particles, pumice, tensile strength, flammability


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