Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

ABS/recycled PCTG blend compatibilized with ionomer: effect on impact resistance and morphology

Juliana Augusto Molari; Deborah Dibbern Brunelli

Downloads: 0
Views: 508


The effect of adding ionomer as a compatibilizing agent in ABS/recycled PCTG blend was the objective of this study. Design of experiments using extreme vertices was used, to obtain a mathematical equation to predict the result of the impact resistance of blends, within a pre-established interval. The sample that obtained the highest impact resistance was the 79/20/1 (ABS/PCTG/Ionomer) and was analyzed by DSC and SEM. The results showed partial compatibility. Through the analysis of the fracture surface of the Charpy test specimen, it was verified that the PCTG, as a dispersed phase, presented itself in the form of fibers and the ionomer acted as an emulsifier. All results showed that it is possible to reuse PCTG industrial waste by mixing it with ABS and Ionomer as compatibilizing agent.



ABS, PCTG, ionomer, polymeric blend, compatibilization


1 Hamaide, T., Deterre, R., & Feller, J.-F. (Eds.). (2014). Environmental impact of polymers. Hoboken: ISTE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118827116.

2 Ivleva, N. P., Wiesheu, A. C., & Niessner, R. (2017). Microplastic in aquatic ecosystems. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 56(7), 1720-1739. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201606957. PMid:27618688.

3 Maris, J., Bourdon, S., Brossard, J.-M., Cauret, L., Fontaine, L., & Montembault, V. (2018). Mechanical recycling: compatibilization of mixed thermoplastic wastes. Polymer Degradation & Stability, 147, 245-266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2017.11.001.

4 Vilaplana, F., & Karlsson, S. (2008). Quality concepts for the improved use of recycled polymeric materials: a review. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 293(4), 274-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mame.200700393.

5 La Mantia, F. P. (1998). Reprocessing and properties of homopolymer blends of virgin and recycled polymers. In G. Akovali, C. A. Bernardo, J. Leidner, L. A. Utracki & M. Xanthos (Eds.), Frontiers in the science and technology of polymer recycling (pp. 371-385). Dordrecht: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1626-0_17.

6 Joseph, S., Focke, W. W., & Thomas, S. (2010). Compatibilizing action of a poly(styrene–butadiene) Triblock co-polymer in ABS/PET-G blends. Composite Interfaces, 17(2-3), 175-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/092764410X490590.

7 Heo, Y. M., Koo, J. M., Hwang, D. K., JaeGal, J. G., Hwang, S. Y., & Im, S. S. (2016). Synthesis and characteristics of biobased copolyester for thermal shrinkage film. RSC Advances, 6(62), 57626-57633. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6RA10333B.

8 Chen, T., Jiang, G., & Zhang, J. (2014). Isothermal crystallization behavior and crystal structure of poly(ethylene terephthalate-co-1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters. Crystal Research and Technology, 49(4), 232-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/crat.201300369.

9 Cook, W. D., Moad, G., Fox, B., Deipen, G. V., Zhang, T., Cser, F., & McCarthy, L. (1996). Morphology-property relationships in ABS/PET blends. II. Influence of Processing conditions on structure and properties. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 62(10), 1709-1714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19961205)62:10<1709::AID-APP22>3.0.CO;2-V.

10 Chen, T., & Zhang, J. (2018). Compatibilization of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer/poly(ethylene glycol-co-1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol terephthalate) blend: effect on morphology, interface, mechanical properties and hydrophilicity. Applied Surface Science, 437, 62-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.12.168.

11 Koning, C., Duin, M., Pagnoulle, C., & Jerome, R. (1998). Strategies for compatibilization of polymer blends. Progress in Polymer Science, 23(4), 707-757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6700(97)00054-3.

12 Olabisi, O., Robeson, L. M., & Shaw, M. T. (1979). Polymer-polymer miscibility. New York: Academic Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-525050-4.X5001-X.

13 Utracki, L. A. (2003). Introduction to polymer blends. Dordrecht: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48244-4_1.

14 Paul, D. P., & Bucknall, C. B. (1999). Polymer blends: formulation and performance. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

15 Thirtha, V. M., Lehman, R. L., & Nosker, T. J. (2004). Morphological effects on glass transitions in immiscible polymer blends. MRS Online Proceedings Library, 856, 1112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/PROC-856-BB11.12.

16 Zhang, X., Li, B., Wang, K., Zhang, Q., & Fu, Q. (2009). The effect of interfacial adhesion on the impact strength of immiscible PP/PETG blends compatibilized with triblock copolymers. Polymer, 50(19), 4737-4744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2009.08.004.

17 Li, B., Zhang, X., Zhang, Q., Chen, F., & Fu, Q. (2009). Synergistic enhancement in tensile strength and ductility of ABS by using recycled PETG plastic. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 113(2), 1207-1215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.30002.

18 Chen, T., & Zhang, J. (2016). Surface hydrophilic modification of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styreneterpolymer by poly(ethylene glycol-co-1,4-cyclohexanedimethanolterephthalate): preparation, characterization, and properties studies. Applied Surface Science, 388, 133-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.02.242.

19 Samios, C. K., & Kalfoglou, N. K. (2001). Acrylic-modified polyolefin ionomers as compatibilizers for poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol)/aromatic copolyester blends. Polymer, 42(8), 3687-3696. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(00)00432-8.

20 Dekoninck, J. M., Legras, R., & Mercier, J. P. (1989). Nucleation of poly(ethylene terephthalate) by sodium compounds: a unique mechanism. Polymer, 30(5), 910-913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(89)90191-2.

21 Ismail, H., & Nasir, M. (2002). The effect of various Compatibilizers on mechanical properties of polystyrene/polypropylene blend. Polymer Testing, 21(2), 163-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9418(01)00064-2.

61eaec76a953954a0b448c43 polimeros Articles
Links & Downloads

Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia

Share this page
Page Sections