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Original Article

Effect of carboxymethylcellulose on colloidal properties of calcite suspensions in drilling fluids

Fagundes, Keila Regina Santana; Luz, Railson Carlos da Souza; Fagundes, Fabio Pereira; Balaban, Rosangela de Carvalho
Abstract:
Abstract: Drilling fluids are multicomponent systems used to aid the removal of cuttings from a borehole, and subject to a number of requirements to ensure a safe drilling operation. One of the most important is to form a low permeability cake on the walls of the hole penetrated by the bit, to avoid excessive filtrate loss. To that end, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) associated with calcite (CaCO3) can be used. In this paper, the effect of carboxymethylcellulose on the colloidal properties of calcite suspensions in brine was systematically evaluated by rheological properties, filtrate volume and zeta potential. Higher viscosity fluids, lower filtrate loss and less negative zeta potential were obtained using small calcite particles with wide size distribution and CMC with high average molecular weight (Mw) and low average degree of substitution (DS), highlighting the importance of effective interactions between CMC and calcite to improve drilling fluid properties.
Keywords:
calcite, CaCO3 , CMC, drilling fluids, filtrate loss


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